Gas sensing equipment to measure toxic gas in the environment

Friday - 30/06/2023 03:44
Gas sensing equipment to measure toxic gas in the environment
Under the guidance of Prof. Nguyen Duc Hoa - Deputy Director of ITIMS, a 4-member group from the School of Engineering Physics won the 1st prize in HUST Science Research Student Contest 2022 and the 2nd prize in the 2022 National Science Research Student Contest organized by the Ministry of Education and Training with the topic "Researching and manufacturing gas sensors and measuring devices for application in monitoring toxic gas concentrations in the environment". 

Leader Do Van Minh proudly talked about the idea of ​​creating a sensor to measure toxic gasses in the environment. When heavy and light industries are gradually developing, environmental problems such as water and air pollution... are always a great concern of society. Although there are specific methods to reduce emissions from production activities or in daily life, all toxic gasses that cause hazards to human health exist in colourless, odourless, tasteless forms.

“We keep saying NH3 smells like urine, but only in high concentrations can our noses smell and detect. When the concentration of gas is in the range of under several hundred ppm, we can not recognize their existence at all. Therefore, the use of sensors capable of detecting these toxic gasses at very low concentrations will help early detection and timely resolution methods" – Minh shared.
The process of measuring gas sensitivity on Hand-made software

Their goal is to make the device compact, easy to use and low-cost. The team designed and made it themselves. Minh and his friends investigated gasses such as Ammonia, NH3, H2S, and other gasses such as NO2. Initially, the team created a material sensitive to more gasses, but then they decided to focus on measuring one gas - NH3.

The sensor is built to be completely able to meet the original set goal. Based on the sensor's gas response graph, the device’s high response time and recovery time still have spaces for improvement. Meanwhile, the gas measuring device works well and the functions programmed on the device operate stably.

The algorithms and controls inside the device are implemented by a group of students based on the knowledge learnt at the School of Engineering Physics and other reference documents, and articles. The methods of measuring and processing experimental data are also referenced from international articles and books by leading professors in the Vietnamese gas sensing field.  

Reporting by Gia Han - Translating by Khanh Van - Editing by Ha Kim

Author: Hà Kim

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